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What Is Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)?

Antimicrobials are treatments designed to kill microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, or protozoa that cause infections.

AMR is the ability of microorganisms to become “superbugs” and nullify the effects of antimicrobial drugs. This results in these drugs becoming ineffective.

Your body cannot become resistant to antimicrobials. It is the microorganisms that can become resistant to the drugs.

From TIME.com. ©2017 TIME USA LLC. All rights reserved. Used under license. TIME.com and TIME USA LLC. are not affiliated with, and do not endorse products or services of, Becton, Dickinson and Company.5

Antibiotic vs. Antimicrobial Resistance

What is the difference between antibiotic and antimicrobial resistance?

Antibiotics are medicines used to prevent and treat bacterial infections. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines. Bacteria, not humans, become antibiotic resistant. These bacteria may then infect humans and are harder to treat than non-resistant bacteria. Antimicrobial resistance is a broader term, encompassing resistance to drugs that treat infections caused by other microbes as well, such as parasites, viruses, and fungi.

quote icon AMR is not a problem that can be solved by any one country, or even any one region. We live in a connected world where people, animals, and food travel, and microbes travel with them.6 quote icon
- Jim O'Neill From Superbugs: An Arms Race Against Bacteria

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Global Effects of Antimicrobial Resistance

Latest Findings

US poultry data show big reductions in key antibiotics
The report shows a substantial drop in the use of nearly all medically important antibiotics from 2013 to 2017.
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CIDRAP Antimicrobial Stewardship Project Newsletter - Aug 8, 2019
AMR educational leadership from children in India, antibiotic audit in England, AMR and typhoid in Pakistan, and more
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CDDEP Resistance Map

Learn more about resistance rates around the world (and in your community) with an interactive collection of charts and maps that summarize national and subnational data on antimicrobial use and resistance worldwide.

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Distinct evolutionary dynamics of horizontal gene transfer in drug resistant and virulent clones of Klebsiella pneumoniae

The authors of this paper perform evolutionary comparisons of over 2000 genomes in a bid to understand how the characteristics that we humans care most about evolve in this genus.

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