1. Use antibiotics only when necessary
One of the most important things we can do to prevent antimicrobial resistance is to use antibiotics only when they are truly needed. That means not using them to treat colds or other viruses — which they will not work on.
It also means finishing the entire course of antibiotics prescribed by your healthcare provider, even if you feel better. Stopping antibiotic treatment early gives bacteria the opportunity to become resistant.
2. Prevent infections in the first place
We can help control antimicrobial resistance by preventing infections in the first place. That means washing our hands often and well and avoiding close contact with people who are sick.
This will minimize the number of bacteria that become resistant to antibiotics, and ultimately keep us healthier.
3. Reduce the spread by getting vaccinated
Another important way to reduce the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is to get vaccinated. Vaccines help protect us from diseases that can lead to infections.
While antibiotic evolution is decreasing, vaccine development is expanding. A 2020 report shows how vaccines can decrease AMR by preventing bacterial and viral infections, thereby reducing the use/misuse of antibiotics, and by preventing antibiotic-resistant infections.